Sugar Works

The works area of any sugar estate was a place of much activity, especially during crop time. The sugar works consisted of the mill (animal, wind or water), as well as the boiling, curing, trash, and still houses. Predominantly, the most expensive and imposing structures on plantations was the factory complex.

Papine-Mona Aqueduct - Parish: St. Andrew Papine Mona Aqueduct The Papine-Mona Aqueduct is a fine example of civil engineering in 18th Century Jamaica. The Aqueduct once served the Mona, Hope, and Papine Estates with water from the Hope River. The Aqueduct which served
Long Lane Aqueduct - Parish: St. Andrew Long Lane Aqueduct The old ruin stands beside the Water Commission’s filtering plant near Constant Spring. The aqueduct was built when the Constant Spring estate was in the hands of Daniel Moore. An act was passed in
Kenilworth Ruins - Kenilworth ruins Parish: Hanover The Kenilworth ruins in Hanover are amongst the most impressive of 18th Century industrial buildings in Jamaica. They compare with the Orange Valley and Good Hope Estates in Trelawny. Kenilworth does not appear on the eighteenth
Hope Aqueduct - Parish: St. Andrew Hope Aqueduct The Hope Estate was named after its first owner Major Richard Hope – one of the officers in Cromwell’s army which took Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655. Later, the property fell into the hands
Drax Hall Waterwheel - Parish: St. Ann Drax Hall Waterwheel The first step in the manufacture of raw sugar from cane juice was to crush the cane by pressing it between the rollers of a sugar mill. During the sugar plantation era, where flowing
Cave Valley Chimney - Parish: St. Ann Cave Valley Chimney The Cave Valley Sugar Estate was probably built in or about 1872 as the plaque on the chimney bears that date. The chimney was once part of the sugar factory and took smoke and
Bushy Park Aqueduct - Parish: St. Catherine Bushy Park Aqueduct The Bushy Park Aqueduct was built between 1760 and 1780 and was a part of the Bushy Park Sugar Estate factory works. Mortar of crushed limestone, molasses, animal dung and dry grass were used